@RemoteAction in Visual force page

JavaScript remoting in Visualforce provides support for some methods in Apex controllers to be called via JavaScript.

JavaScript remoting has three parts:
  • The remote method invocation you add to the Visualforce page, written in JavaScript.
  • The remote method definition in your Apex controller class. This method definition is written in Apex, but there are few differences from normal action methods.
  • The response handler callback function you add to or include in your Visualforce page, written in JavaScript.
 To use JavaScript remoting in a Visualforce page, add the request as a JavaScript invocation with the following form:
  • namespace is the namespace of the controller class. This is required if your organization has a namespace defined, or if the class comes from an installed package.
  • controller is the name of your Apex controller.
  • method is the name of the Apex method you’re calling.
  • parameters is the comma-separated list of parameters that your method takes.
  • callbackFunction is the name of the JavaScript function that will handle the response from the controller. You can also declare an anonymous function inline. callbackFunction receives the status of the method call and the result as parameters.
  • configuration configures the handling of the remote call and response. Use this to specify whether or not to escape the Apex method’s response. The default value is {escape: true}.
Visualforce Page:

<apex:page controller="sample">
    <script type="text/javascript">
    function getAccountJS()
        var accountNameJS = document.getElementById('accName').value;       
        sample.getAccount( accountNameJS,
        function(result, event)
            if (event.status)
                // demonstrates how to get ID for HTML and Visualforce tags
                document.getElementById("{!$Component.theBlock.thePageBlockSection.theFirstItem.accId}").innerHTML = result.Id;
                document.getElementById("{!$Component.theBlock.thePageBlockSection.theSecondItem.accNam}").innerHTML = result.Name;
            else if (event.type === 'exception')
                document.getElementById("errors-js").innerHTML = event.message;
            } else
                document.getElementById("errors-js").innerHTML = event.message;
        }, {escape:true});
    Account Name :<input id="accName" type="text" />
    <button onclick="getAccountJS()">Get Account</button>
    <div id="errors-js"> </div>
    <apex:pageBlock id="theBlock">
        <apex:pageBlockSection id="thePageBlockSection" columns="2">
            <apex:pageBlockSectionItem id="theFirstItem">
                <apex:outputText id="accId"/>
            <apex:pageBlockSectionItem id="theSecondItem" >
                <apex:outputText id="accNam" />

Apex Controller:

global class sample
    public String accountName { get; set; }
    public static Account account { get; set; }
    public sample() { }
    global static Account getAccount(String accountName)
        account = [select id, name, phone, type, numberofemployees from Account where name = :accountName ];
        return account;




  1. magulan can u tell how to call remoteaction method in testclass

  2. how to call java script method on page load..at the same time it must call remote action method and display info on page


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